Jackie Robinson - First African-American to play Major League baseball.
Malcolm X - Key Nation of Islam leader.
Rosa Parks - Congress has come to refer to her as the "First Lady of Civil Rights".
Medgar Evars - NAACP leader assassinated by Byron De La Beckwith.
Charles Houston - Dean of Howard Law School and educator of Thurgood Marshall.
Thurgood Marshall - Attorney in Brown v. Board of Education and first African-American Supreme Court Justice.
James Meredith - WWII veteran and first African-American student to attend the University of Mississippi.
Wilma Rudolph - African-American track and field champion who struggled with sickness as a child.
Stokely Carmichael - Leader of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).
Black Panther Party (Huey Newton / Bobby Seale) - Black nationalist group formed to combat police brutality.
Jesse Jackson - Baptist minister and founder of Rainbow/PUSH.
Cesar Chavez - Mexican-American leader and co-founder of National Farm Workers Association.
Dolores Huerta - Mexican-American leader and co-founder of National Farm Workers Association.
Dwight D. Eisenhower - 34th President.
John F. Kennedy - 35th President.
Robert F. Kennedy - Attorney General for his brother, JFK, and Presidential candidate.
Lyndon B. Johnson - 37th President.
Richard Nixon - 38th President.
Betty Friedan - Writer of The Feminine Mystique.
Gloria Steinem - Undercover reporter and co-founder of Ms. Magazine.
Bayard Rustin - Chief organizer of the 1963 March on Washington.
Ben Nighthorse Campbell - Native American Congressman.
Matthew Shepard - University of Wyoming student killed because of his sexual orientation.
Billie Jean King - Winner of Battle of the Sexes and Title IX advocate.
James Farmer Jr. - Organizer of the 1961 Freedom Rides.
A. Philip Randolph - Founder of the Brotherhood of the Sleeping Car Porters.
Events & Organizations
Brown v. Board of Education - Supreme Court case that overturned Plessy v. Ferguson.
Montgomery Bus Boycott - Protest launched after the arrest of Rosa Parks in an attempt to desegregate buses.
Freedom Riders - People who publically challenged the Supreme Court's decision to desegregate buses in Boynton v. Virginia, in hopes that the law would be upheld and enforced.
Bloody Sunday - Alabama state and local police attack civil rights protesters.
Alcatraz Island takeover - Native American awareness campaign organized by Indians of All Tribes (IAT).
16th Street Baptist Church bombing - Murder of four African American girls in response to the Birmingham protests.
Mississippi Burning - Murder of three Civil Rights workers by KKK in Mississippi.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) - Civil rights organization associated with the Christian Church and MLK.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Signed by President Johnson, this law outlawed discrimination against African-Americans and women.
Voting Rights Act of 1965 - A follow-up to the Civil Rights Act, this law intended to protect the voting rights of African-Americans.
Nation of Islam - Civil Rights movement and religious movement combined.
Watts Riots - Six day race riot in Los Angeles.
1968 Olympics - Black Power demonstration by Tommie Smith and John Carlos in Mexico City, Mexico.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Civil rights group that used the court system to gain rights.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) - Key organizing group for boycotts, sit-ins, and the 1963 March on Washington.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) - Key organizing group for Freedom Rides, Freedom Summer, and the 1963 March on Washington.
Sit-ins - Nonviolent protests, such as at Woolworth's Lunch Counter in North Carolina.
Boycotts - A refusal to buy goods or services in protest of injustice, such as the 1965 Delano Grape Strike.
Kerner Commission Report - Investigation into the causes of the 1967 race riots.
Civil Rights Act of 1968 - Also known as the Fair Housing Act.
UFWOC - United Farm Workers Organizing Committee.
Roe v. Wade - Supreme Court decision legalizing abortion throughout the United States.
American Indian Movement (AIM) - Organization designed to address concerns of Native Americans - poverty, housing, and treaty issues.
Affirmative Action - Program designed to counter a history of discrimination.
Title IX - Granted equal access to education and athletics regardless of gender.
Stonewall Riots - Violent demonstrations in response to police brutality at gay night clubs.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) - Prohibits discrimination based on disability.